Tag Archives: nature

Emergency Pet First Aid Kit

17 Aug


You can never be too prepared for an emergency! To prepare for any unpredictable pet emergency, have a designated bag with the following items. With the assistance of a veterinarian over the phone, these items can help to save and prolong your pets life in danger.

I hope you are all having a fantastic summer!

– Gauze

– Non stick bandages

– Adhesive white tape (do not use band aids)

– Bar of Ivory Soap

– Activated charcoal

– Peroxide

– Digital rectal thermometer

– Skunk off

– Triple antibiotic ointment

– Benadryl capsules (25mg)

– Eye dropper

– Muzzle or towel (do not use if pet is vomiting)

– Leash

– Stretcher (door, board, blanket or floor mat)

– Rubbing alcohol

– Eye wash (saline solution)

– Hydrocortisone acetate cream

– Phone numbers for RDVM, emergency room, and poison control

Uhoh! – Heat Stroke

24 Jun

Summer is here, and so is the heat! Here are a couple of tips to prevent pet heat stroke during these hot months: 

  • Never, ever, ever leave your pet in car on a hot or humid day – not even “for a minute.” Cars are like greenhouses, they trap in all the heat! If you need to run errands, leave your pet at home in a comfortable environment. Hot temperatures can be fatal for your pet. 
  • Symptoms of heat stroke include: 
    • Unusual loud and rapid breathing
    • High rectal temperature
    • Extreme thirst
    • Weakness and fatigue
    • Vomiting
    • Dizziness or confusion
    • A bright red tongue with pale gums
    • Loss of elasticity in skin when pinched
    • Difficulty breathing or panting
    • Collapse
    • Coma
    • Thick saliva
    • Increased heart rate

If you find that your pet is suffering from heat stroke, follow these steps:

  1. Move the animal to a shaded area
  2. Place cold, wet towels around your pet’s neck and head, but be sure to not cover up their nose or mouth.
  3. Slowly pour cold water over your pet’s body. Do not cool your pet off too quickly – it must be a slow process. 
  4. Use a digital rectal thermometer to take your pet’s temperature. Heat stroke patients usually have temperatures about 105 degrees. Do not cool your pet below 102 degrees.
  5. When your pet is getting back to normal, give him/her a small quantity of water to drink to help with their dehydration. 
  6. Contact your local vet to get advice on what to do next. Although your pet may not show external signs of heat stroke, there can be internal damage. It is always best to schedule a veterinary appointment. 

Heat Stroke Dog

Dogs do not sweat like humans do; they release heat through panting and sweating through their foot pads and nose.

It is very important to keep your pets in a comfortable environment during these next couple of hot months.

I hope you all have a COOL summer!

Picture from: http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_GTU_nOCsE-s/SH4Od0yjguI/AAAAAAAACdw/4VSN3elnX20/s400/IMG_0526_poor_dog_closeup.jpg

Turtle vs. Tortoise

1 Apr

Image

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Cold Weather Tips

28 Dec

13 Winter Weather Tips:

blacksnowflakes

1) Keep your pets inside – They can freeze, become lost, stolen, or injured.

 

2) During the winter, outdoor cats sometimes sleep under the hoods of cars. If there are outdoor cats in your neighborhood, loudly bang on the car hood before starting the engine – this will give the cat a chance to escape before being injured by the fan belt.

 

3) Keep your dog on a leash! You must keep your dog leashed at all times, especially during a snowstorm. Dogs can lose their sense of smell and easily become lost. More dogs are lost during the winter than any other season, so make sure you dog is properly identified with a collar.

 

4) Wipe off your dogs legs and stomach when he comes out of sleet, snow or ice. If he ingests salt, antifreeze or other chemicals when licking his paws, he can be poisoned. Also, his paw pads may bleed from the encrusted ice.

 

5) Never shave your dog down to the skin during the winter months. A longer coat will provide more warmth. Rather, lightly trim longer haired dogs to minimize the clinging of ice balls, salt crystals and de-icing chemicals.

 

6) When you bathe your dog in the winter, be sure to completely dry him off before taking him for a walk or putting him outside. When you go for a walk, be sure to bring a towel to clean off irritated paws, or put booties on your dog to minimize contact with chemicals.

 

7) If you have a short-haired dog, then get him a coat or sweater to keep him warm and retain body heat.

 

8) Never leave your pet alone in a car during cold weather – it traps in the cold air, acting as a refrigerator, and your pet can freeze to death.

 

9) Clean up any and all antifreeze. Opt for a product containing propylene glycol, rather than ethylene glycol.

 

10) Massage petroleum jelly into paw pads before going outside will help to protect the paw from salts. This also helps to heal chapped paws.

 

11) Brush your pet regularly to get rid of dead hair and to stimulate blood circulation. This will improve the skin’s overall condition.

 

12) Pets burn extra energy while trying to stay warm in the winter. Be sure to give your pet a little extra food and water to keep him feed and well-hydrated, but be sure not to overfeed.


13) If the weather is too cold for you, then it is too cold for your pet.

AE Journal #4 – Corn Snakes

16 Aug

Recently, at Animal Embassy, we have been hatching baby corn snake eggs. So exciting!

  

Here’s a couple of facts about these interesting creatures:

– Mature corn snakes can grow to be about 3 to 5 feet in length

– They live about 15 to 20 years

– These snakes eat meat, therefore they hunt mice and other small rodents

– They are non-venoumous, hence they are constrictors, meaning they squeeze their prey

– One of the most popular pet snake breeds

– Female corn snakes normally lay about 7 to 14 eggs

Stay tuned for new blog posts! Thanks for reading! 

Animal Hoarding

20 Jul

Monsters aren’t real, but humans are. Let us not be the monsters in an animal’s life. Animal Hoarding is a big issue, and hopefully this blog post will inform you about this issue.

What is animal hoarding?

– Public health and community issue
– When someone has more than the typical number of domestic animals as pets
– Inability to give the proper treatment, such as nutrition, sanitation, shelter and veterinary care
– Often leads to animal illness, starvation, and death
– Denial
– Many do not know how many animals they are “caring” for

Who are hoarders and why do they hoard?

– Knows no age, gender, or socioeconomic boundaries
– Observed in men, women, the young and old, the married and widowed, and in people with professional jobs
– However, the elderly tend to be more at risk due to their own deteriorating health and isolation from community and social groups
– Animal hoarders appear intelligent and they believe that they are helping their animals
– Failure to understand the severity of the situation
– Difficulties understanding animal needs
– Inaccurate appreciation of a situation and its consequences
– Being unable to reason about treatment options and alternative courses of action
– Psychological defenses and behaviors in response to stress
– Magical thinking
– Depression
– Paranoia

How common is animal hoarding?

– Estimated that there are 900 to 2,000 new cases every year in the United States
– A quarter million animals falling victim
– Normally cats, dogs, reptiles, rodents, birds, exotics and farm animals
– Any animal can be a victim of hoarding
– Many call themselves “Animal Sanctuaries” or “Rescue Groups”
– The majority of animal hoarders will continue to hoard, even after an intervention, unless they receive help

What are the consequences of animal hoarding? Are there laws against it?

– Deteriorating home
– Strong smell of ammonia
– Dried feces, urine, and vomit around the house
– Animals are not well socialized and lethargic
– Infestation of fleas
– Animal owner is isolated from the community
– Insists that his animals are happy and healthy, even with the clear signs of animal illness and distress
– Often emotionally troubled, rather than a “criminal”
– Against the law – stated in every state’s animal cruelty law
– Illinois and Hawaii have separate laws
Illinois Companion Animal Hoarder Act was created in 2001 to create a legal definition for “companion animal hoarder” and mandate counseling for those convicted of animal cruelty who meet the definition – animal hoarding itself is not prohibited by the law.
Hawaii’s 2008 law – only state law specifically outlawing animal hoarding – does not mandate psychological counseling for convicted hoarders or restrict future animal ownership.

What can I do to help?

– Call local humane law enforcements, police department or animal shelter – first step for help if you witness hoarding
– Educate others – pass on this information
– Contact social service groups – get the animal hoarder connected to the right services from mental health agencies
– Reassure the hoarder – they are usually worried that their animals are in the wrong hands, when in reality, the animals will be better off with professionals
– Volunteer to help walk dogs and clean cages in shelters to help all the animals that had to go through the traumatic experience of animal hoarding
– Keep in touch – make sure that if the hoarder does acquire a new pet, that it is properly spayed or neutered, vaccinated and in good health
– “Hoarding Prevention Team” and Intervention Program by the ASPCA – to date, the program has assisted more than 20 animal hoarders and rescued nearly 200 animals.

Click the link below to check out an Animal Planet Confessions: Animal Hoarding episode:
Thanks for reading! Please follow or subscribe via email to this blog for updates!

Pet Poisons

18 Jul

Since it is summer, your pet may be spending more time outside in the sun. This means that they can get into fertilizers and other outdoor poisons. So, what is considered poisonous for dogs and cats? Well, here’s your answer (in a super long blog post)…

Most Common Poisons for CATS:

1 – Lilies
2 – Canine permethrin insecticides (topical flea and tick medicine for dogs)
3 – Household cleaners
4 – Rodenticides (mouse and rat poison)
5 – Paints and varnishes
6 – Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory veterinary medications such as meloxicam, Rimadyl, and Daramaxx
7 – Glow Sticks/ Glow jewelry
8 – Amphetamines, such as ADD/ADHD drug
9 – Acetaminophen (Tylenol in brand name or generic form)
10 – Ibuprofen (Advil or Motrin in brand name or generic form)

Most Common Poisons for DOGS:
1 – Chocolate
2 – Insect bait stations
3 – Rodenticides (mouse and rat poison)
4 – Fertilizers
5 – Xylitol-containing products such as sugar-free gums and candies
6 – Ibuprofen (Advil or Motrin in brand name or generic form)
7 – Acetaminophen (Tylenol in brand name or generic form)
8 – Silica gel packs
9 – Amphetamines, such as ADD/ADHD drug
10 – Household cleaners
For your pet’s safety, you should always have this phone number at hand:
PET POISON HELPLINE: 800 – 213 – 6680
This helpline is available 24/7, with a one-time consolation fee of $35. 
When you call the number be sure to include:
  • What your pet ingested and when
  • How much your pet ingested (how many pills, what milligram strength were the pills)
  • Pet’s current weight
  • Pet’s known medical history, including any medications (prescriptions and supplements)

I Think My Pet’s Been Poisoned – What Should I Do? What Should I Not Do?

1 – Safely remove any remaining poisonous material from your pet’s reach
2 – Gather the container or substance to bring to the veterinary hospital or to describe to the Pet Poison Helpline expert.
3 – Collect a sample of any material that your pet may have vomited.

If your pet has ingested something that could be harmful, even if there are no immediate symptoms, follow the rules above. It is better to get help early, since decontamination (such as induced vomiting, having the stomach pumped, or administering activated charcoal) can only be performed in a narrow window of time.

To Vomit or Not to Vomit

Many people believe that if your pet vomits then it will solve the problem. Forcing your pet to vomit could actually cause more harm than good if it is performed at the wrong time.

1 – If your pet is already showing signs of poisoning, it’s too late to induce vomiting.

2 – If your pet has certain medical problems (like larynegeal paralysis or brachycephalic syndrome), induced vomiting is not recommended and can make your pet’s condition worse.

3 – Certain toxins (such as corrosive cleaners and hydrocarbons such as gasoline, paints thinners and kerosene) should NOT be brought back up. Inducing vomiting after the ingestion of a corrosive material may ultimately cause more harm to your pet.

Home Remedies

Normally, if an owner is in a panic of poisonings, they give their pets staples like milk, peanut butter, vegetable oil or salt, none of which should EVER be given to an animal in distress.
Contact a veterinarian or Pet Poison Hot line before you so anything!

Transporting a Poisoned Pet
– Requires extra precautions, and safety for both you and your pet
– Carefully transport him/her in a car, or have someone drive for you while you watch your pet, if it is unconscious, convulsing or having difficulty breathing go immediately to the vet!
– Call the veterinary office before hand, if possible, to give them time to set up the necessary equipment and meet you out in the parking lot.
– In rare circumstances, if your pet ingested a specific gofer or mole poison (zinc phosphide), contact Pet Poison experts because these byproducts can be extremely harmful to humans as well.
Poisoning First Aid Kit

These materials will make it easier for you to work with the Pet Poison Helpline experts:

– Hydrogen peroxide 3% (non-expired)
– Liquid dish washing detergent (such as Palmolive or Dawn)
– Rubber gloves
– Triple antibiotic ointment (such as Neosporin)
– Vitamin E oil or capsules
– Diphenhydramine liquid or 25 mg tablets (such as Benadryl) with no other combination ingredients
– Ophthalmic saline solution or artificial tears, with no other combination ingredients
– Can of tuna packed in water, chicken broth or some type of tasty canned pet food
– Sweet electrolyte beverage (such as Gatorade)
– Corn syrup

Poisonous Plants
Autumn Crocus – highly toxic. If ingested, this plant can cause severe vomiting, gastrointestinal bleeding, liver and kidney damage and respiratory failure.
Azalea – eating a few of these leave can result in vomiting, diarrhea and excessive drooling. The pet can fall into a coma and possibly die.
Cyclamen – can cause severe vomiting
Daffodil Bulbs – can cause severe vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain. More serious reactions include abnormal heart rate or changes in respiration.
Dieffenbachia – can cause intense oral irritation, drooling, nausea, vomiting and difficulty swallowing
Hyacinth/ Tulip Bulbs – contain concentrated amounts of toxins in the bulb. If ingested in large amounts, bulbs can affect breathing and cause severe vomiting, diarrhea and an increase in heart rate.
Kalanchoe – can cause vomiting, diarrhea and heart arrhythmia
Lily – certain types, such as tier, day, Asiatic, Easter and Japanese lilies, are highly toxic to cats. Severe kidney failure can result from ingesting even a dew petals or leaves. See a veterinarian immediately if it is ingested.
Oleander – which is an outdoor shrub, has extremely toxic leaves and flowers that can cause severe vomiting, slow heart rate and possibly death.
Sago Palm– the leaves and seeds and cause vomiting, bloody stools, damage to the stomach lining, severe liver failure, and even death.

Garden Dangers

– Baits for rodents, snails and slugs –  can result in blood clotting disorders, brain swelling or kidney failure, or even severe tremors or seizing.
– Blood meal – used as an organic fertilizer, can cause vomiting, diarrhea and severe inflammation of the pancreas.
– Bone Meal – organic fertilizer made from animal bones that have been ground to powder, which cab form a concrete-like obstruction in the stomach that could require surgical removal.
– Insecticides – gastrointestinal irritants to pets
– Fertilizers – some are combined with dangerous chemicals and compounds called organophosphates or carbamates, which can be harmful to pets, which can result in drooling, watery eyes, urination, defecation, seizures, difficulty breathing, fever and death.

Household Toxins
Cleaning solution, antifreeze, fragrance sprays and other common household chemicals are often stored under sinks or on garage shelves where pets can gain easy access.- Acids (such as drain and toilet cleaners)
– Alkalis (such as ammonia, lye, and some types of drain and toilet cleaners)
– Batteries
– Bleach
– Enzymatic cleaners (used for breaking down proteins and organic matter)
– Fabric softeners
– Glow jewelry
– Ice melt products that contain sodium or salt-like ingredients
– Liquid potpourri
– Mothballs
– Paint solvents and lacquers
– Paint balls
– Pine oils/ essential oils
– Solvents (such as cleaners used to remove oil, grease and grime)
– Teflon-coated cookware (birds only)

Non-Ingested Poisons  –  Inhaled Poisons

– Carbon Monoxide, smoke and chemical fumes
– Can result in coughing, disorientation or unconsciousness
– Move him/her to fresh air immediately
– Install carbon monoxide and smoke detectors and change the batteries every six months
– Have adequate ventilation in the room
– Learn pet CPR (will be a separate blog post)
– If a poison is entered through the skin, use soap and water to thoroughly clean your pet’s belly, legs and feet

Toxic Table Scraps
– Alcohol
– Caffeine
– Chocolate
– Fatty Foods
– Grapes and Raisins
– Macadamia Nuts
– Onions and Garlic
– Salt
– Sweeteners
– Yeast Dough

How do you pet proof your home?

– Cover trash bins – or better yet, store them in a pantry or closet
– Fence off compost bins – the the sake of your pets and the wildlife
– Install baby locks on cabinets that house cleaning solutions
– Don’t store pills in plastic zipper bags or weekly pill storage containers, as these are eay for dogs to chew through.
– Store medications in secure, elevated cabinets
– Close toilet lids, especially if you use automatic or clip-on toilet bowl cleaners
– Know that Top Ten Poisonous Plants before purchasing a plant for your household
– Wipe down your pet’s belly, legs and paws after being outdoors, especially in the winter
– Keep your purse (and its contents, such as gum) away from your pet
– Double check the pills you are administering to your pets and to yourself
– Don’t leave pills out, even for a few seconds, as your pet could knock them off the counter and ingest them quickly

Thanks for reading! Hopefully this was informative. Please follow AnimalChamps blog for more posts.
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